Wildlife in Queen Elizabeth National Park.
Wildlife in queen Elizabeth park, Attractions in Queen Elizabeth Park, Cape buffaloes, African bush elephants, Leopards, Hippopotami, Lions, Uganda kob, Nile Crocodiles, Uganda Wildlife Safaris, Wildlife Safaris in Uganda Safari Tours. As witnessed by many Uganda safari tourists, Queen Elizabeth National Park Uganda is a diverse park with wide range habitats that are ideal for existence of a range of wildlife. There are 95 mammal species in the park which makes it the highest on Uganda standards, 10 species of primates including common chimpanzees, black and white colobus monkey, Lhoest’s monkey, vervet monkey, red tailed monkey, and blue monkey.
The park is also a habitat for 20 species of predator including side stripped jackal, lion, leopard and spotted hyena. Antelope species also exist in the park including; topi, Uganda Kob, defassa waterbuck, bush buck, sitatunga antelope in papyrus swamps that surround Lake George and not forgetting 4 species of duiker in Maramagambo species. Queen Elizabeth National Park is also rich in elephant and buffalo count and the unique tree climbing lions in the savannah landscapes of Ishasha. The 45km long Kazinga channel has been dubbed the Paradise of hippos due to its hippo concentrations along with Nile crocodiles.
Queen Elizabeth National park has a rich biodiversity which attracts tourists to come here and enjoy and this biodiversity ranges from 95 mammal species, which includes the rare tree climbing lions species, 3000 elephants, over 10000 buffaloes, leopards, 5000hippos, bush backs, a wide range of antelope family, a variety of monkey species and chimpanzees, 400 bird species and many reptiles like the Nile crocodiles snakes and lizards and a number of volcanic features like volcanic cones and crater lakes like lake Katwe and Kikorongo.
Cape buffaloes: The cape buffalo is also referred to as the African buffalo and they are a very common sight throughout this park. It is usually mistaken to be a close relative to domesticated cattle but its rather related to actually other bigger bovines. Buffaloes have a coarse black coat unlike their close relatives the forest buffaloes which have a reddish coat. As the male buffaloes grow older, the bases of their horns grows closer and it can even unite forming a feature called a “boss” which is very had to penetrate even with a gun bullet of less 16mm. you can differentiate a male buffalo from a female one by observing the structure of their horns, the male buffalo horns grow while curving outwards while the ones of the female grow while curving inside.
The African buffalo is a big animal with a shoulder height of 1.0-1.7m or 3.3-5.6ft. it has a body length of 1.7-3.4m or 5.6-11.2ft and its tail has a length of 70-110cm or 28-43in. An adult male African buffalo can weigh as much as between 500-1000kg but the females usually weigh less than this. Cape buffaloes are usually found in the great plains of African savanna like Murchison falls park. Buffaloes usually stay in large herds that consist anywhere from 5-100 individuals and this is primarily for protection purposes from their predators.
Cape buffaloes in Queen Elizabeth National Park
Cape buffaloes in Queen Elizabeth National Park
The cape buffalo is also referred to as the African buffalo and they are a very common sight throughout this park. It is usually mistaken to be a close relative to domesticated cattle but its rather related to actually other bigger bovines. Buffaloes have a coarse black coat unlike their close relatives the forest buffaloes which have a reddish coat. As the male buffaloes grow older, the bases of their horns grows closer and it can even unite forming a feature called a “boss” which is very had to penetrate even with a gun bullet of less 16mm. you can differentiate a male buffalo from a female one by observing the structure of their horns, the male buffalo horns grow while curving outwards while the ones of the female grow while curving inside. The African buffalo is a big animal with a shoulder height of 1.0-1.7m or 3.3-5.6ft. it has a body length of 1.7-3.4m or 5.6-11.2ft and its tail has a length of 70-110cm or 28-43in. An adult male African buffalo can weigh as much as between 500-1000kg but the females usually weigh less than this. Cape buffaloes are usually found in the great plains of African savanna like Murchison falls park. Buffaloes usually stay in large herds that consist anywhere from 5-100 individuals and this is primarily for protection purposes from their predators. Although buffaloes have a very poor eye sight, this is compensated by possessing an acute sense of smell coupled with a keen sense of hearing, in fact, the buffaloes can stop whatever they are doing and stand still for many minutes or sometimes even hours just to listen even to the tiniest of sounds that may be made by any predator that may be stalking them. when buffaloes are attacked they male buffaloes form defensive wall by being at the flanks of the herd while the females and calves are within the inner part of the herd. the male buffaloes can even sometimes turn and chase the attacking predators They have a gestation period of 11.5 months and a life span of over 25 years in their natural habitats.
African bush elephants in Queen Elizabeth National Park
African bush elephants in Queen Elizabeth National park
African elephants are the largest land mammals in the world with a male elephant weighing in at 4,700-6,048kg or 10,362-13,334Ib and a shoulder height of 3.2-4.0m or 10.5-13.1ft while their female counterparts weigh in at 2,160-3,232kg or 4,762-7,125Ib and a shoulder height of 2.2-2.6m or 7.2-8.5ft. these land giants have 24 teeth in their mouths and usually lose their teeth 4-6 times in their life time which lies between 60-70 years. What sets these land giants apart from the rest of crowd is their elongated tusks which are in fact their second set of incisors. This means that the tusks are very strong as they are used to up root trees and also as weapons they use while fighting. The tusks weigh between 23-45 kg or 55-99Ib with a length of 1.5-2.4m or 5-8 ft. elephants usually live in groups called families which comprise of 10 or more closely related females with their calves and each of these families is led by an older female called a matriarch.
Elephants have the ability to distinguish and communicate with each other using low frequency infrasonic calls. With a body mass that is compared to nothing else on land, African elephants have to feed on an average of 450 kg or 992Ib of foliage to sustain their huge bodies and also drink to over 50 liters of water per day. In fact, these elephants have the ability to smell water to up to 20 km or 12miles away. Elephants have an exposed skin so in order to control over heating of their body, they flap their big ears so as to carry away the heat or bathe in water ponds. It is believed that when an elephant flaps its ears, it can lose about 10oF of heat hence always staying cool even in the hottest temperatures. They also employ their elongated trunk to carry water and pour it over their ears to try and cool themselves. These land giants have very thin hairs around body parts such as eyes and noses and these are mainly for ensuring that germs and other bacteria don’t find it easy to enter the elephants body through these parts.
The elephant trunk is a master piece of creation as it is equipped with 40000 muscles which is way more than an entire human body has at only 639 muscles. This makes the trunks a very strong and agile part of the elephant that can do many things. The elephant trunk is also used for breathing, snorkeling and also as an extended arm for holding, lifting or pushing anything they want to carry. A female elephant reaches sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 years and can reproduce after every 3-6 years throughout its lifetime. All elephants have a very poor metabolism and that’s why they eat a lot of food but ¾ of it will come out of the elephants undigested as dung. Due to the poor metabolic system, elephant calves have been recorded doing something bizarre and that is eating dung that has been passed out by their mothers but this is all because elephant calves can’t process raw grass hence have they have to resort to eating pre-processed food that has been passed out as dung.
They have a gestation period of up to 22 months being the longest in all land mammals. Just like humans and apes, elephants are also highly intelligent species with a brain that weighs about 5kg or 11Ib which about 4 times heavier than that of human making it the heaviest brain of any land mammal. With such a brain, these land giants are believed to exhibit character traits like grief, learning, sense of humor, compassion, self-awareness, a very strong and vivid memory, play and use of tools and possibly a language.
Leopards in Queen Elizabeth National Park
Leopards in Queen Elizabeth national Park
Leopards are some of the big cat family predators that roam the plains of queen Elizabeth national park and they are at the top of the food chain together. Leopards are usually taken to be the same with cheetahs but they are completely different as cheetahs have tear marks on their faces small round spots while leopards have no this distinctive mark on their faces and have larger rosettes on their body.
The skin color of leopards ranges from pale yellow to golden or yellowish brown with rosettes and this enables these super predators to camouflage so that they can stalk their prey without ever being noticed. Male leopards are muscular with short limbs and a broad head, the males have an average shoulder height of 60-70cm or 24-28in and weigh in at 37-90kg while the females have an average shoulder height of57-64cm or 22-25in and weigh in between26-60kg. the cheetah has a very long tail that’s white tipped with a length of 60-100cm or 24-39in and this enables the leopards make quick sharp turns at high speed while on a chase.
Leopards can sometimes have black color and this is caused by melanism which is a recessive gene in these animals and when a leopard is having this phenomena, it turns from being called a leopard to a black panther. Leopards are usually solitary animals, they have a gestation period of 90-105 days and can live in their natural habitat for 12-17 years.
Hippopotami in Queen Elizabeth National Park
Hippopotami in Queen Elizabeth National Park
In queen Elizabeth national park, hippos are mostly found in the Kazinga channel and on the shores of lake Edward and George. Hippos are large animals only behind the African elephant that can weigh anywhere between 1300-1500kg or 2870-3310ib for both sexes. The hippos are semi aquatic as they both live on land and in water. Hippos are herbivores animals can come on land in the evening to graze, they can be easily identified basing on barrel shaped body, short legs and long muzzles or mouths, their body is hairless with a purplish gray to blue black color which is also thick about 2in or 6cm. due to lack of body hairs, hippos secret an element that is reddish orange to brown to act as a protective layer both from the scotching sun and bacterial infection.
This phenomenon is referred to as “blood sweating” hippos have a very powerful jaw which can open as wide as 180o and its filled with monstrous teeth with their incisors growing up to 40cm or 1ft4in and canines growing up to 50cm or 1ft8in. despite their short legs and big sizes hippos can burst to 30km/hr in short distances. Hippos are highly territorial while in water but not on land, they have a gestation period of 243days and can live up to 40-50 years.
Lions in Queen Elizabeth National park
Lions in Queen Elizabeth National park
Queen Elizabeth is famous as the only place in Uganda with tree climbing lions at Ishasha. Lions are part of the big cate family and are muscular, deep chested with rounded heads. Most of the African lion males can distinguished from their females by the presence of a mane around the necks and heads of male African lions which is clearly absent in females but there quite many cases in Africa where the males also don’t have a mane or have a very short and thin one. The male lions are usually bigger than the females but their sizes vary according to location. In east Africa, adult female lions have a body length of 160-184cm or 63-72in weighing in at 119.5kg or 263Ib on average while the adult males have a body length of184-208cm or 72-82in weighing in at 174.9kg or 386Ib on average.
Lions are social animals who live in groups called prides. A pride is always led by a dominant male and their highly territorial animals controlling vast expanses that are strategic with a lot of prey and water. Male dominant lions are responsible for protecting the pride and they will fight off other male invaders, in case the dominant male is defeated by the invading lions, the victor lions will kill off all the cubs that are off springs to the defeated dominant male as a way of ending its blood lineage. Lions are carnivores and are at the top of the food chain feeding on almost all browsers and grazers within their domain due to their ability to hunt as a pride and carry out well coordinated and planned attacks which enables them to take down prey that can even be between 2-4 times bigger than them such as zebras, elephants and buffaloes.
Lions usually hunt at night because of their well-developed sense of sight especially at night where their vision is almost 6 times better than that of humans due to the presence of white patches around their eyes which enable them to absorb even the smallest amount of light available during the cover of darkness. Hunting among lions is an affair carried out by female lions mostly and juvenile males and when a kill has been made by the lionesses in a pride, it’s always the dominant male lion who will eat first up to his fill then the rest of the pride will feed on what has remained after the he has finished eating. They have a gestation period of 97 days and a life span of about 10-14 years.
Uganda kob in Queen Elizabeth National park
Uganda kob in Queen Elizabeth National park
This belongs to the antelope family. The uganda kob has a reddish brown coat with a white under belly and white eye ring. The male uganda kobs are usually bigger than the females and have lyre horns that curve backwards then forward. The front legs of these kobs are black. Uganda kobs usually live in groups of 40 or less. An adult male Uganda kob weighs about 90-120 kg or 190-265ib and have a shoulder length of 92cm or 36in. They have a gestation period of 8-9 months and a life span of about 15 years in their natural habitat. The kobs are herbivores animals and they are preyed on by almost all big cat carnivores that are present in queen Elizabeth park like lions and leopards
Nile Crocodiles in Kazinga Channel Queen Elizabeth National Park
Nile Crocodiles in Kazinga Channel Queen Elizabeth National Park
The Nile crocodile is very popular with queen Elizabeth national park habituating in the Kazinga channel and the lakes of Edward and George. The Nile crocodile is one of the biggest reptiles in the world. These reptiles have a dark bronze color on the upper body part while the under part is of diggy yellow. The crocodile’s body is armored with hard scales to deter bacterial infections and also as a defensive mechanism. The crocodiles in Africa have varying sizes depending on their location but on average the male crocodile is 3.5-5m or 11.5-16.4ft long and weighs in at 225-750kg or 550-1650Ib but the females are 30% less than their male companions in size. The crocodiles have an elongated mouth which is armed with 64-68 teeth, where by the upper jaw has about 26 or 28 teeth and the lower jaw has 28 or 30 of them and 5 teeth on the front view of the upper jaw.
Most the teeth in a crocodile’s mouth are canines designed to bite and hold tight their prey. The Nile crocodiles are formidable hunters who will stay still just below the water surface as they stalk their prey waiting for the best opportunity to strike at the unsuspecting prey. These reptiles can feed on various prey from mammals as big as buffaloes which can be almost half their body size to small antelopes. When a crocodiles captures its prey, it will first drag into the deep water and drown the prey then it holds it and perform what is known as a death roll in which the crocodile turns its body 360o while holding still its prey so as it can tear it into chunks that it swallows full since its teeth are not designed for chewing. After eating to their fill, Nile crocodiles can spend over a month without eating again especially when food is scarce, this is possible because these crocodiles store a lot of fats in their tails after eating and they have the ability to slow down their metabolism process. These reptiles lay eggs and the females burry them and guard them from predators like snakes and eagles. The crocodiles are social animals that can share a kill or even a basking spot. They have a life span of between 75-100 years.
Queen Elizabeth has a rich biodiversity which attracts tourists to come here and enjoy and this biodiversity ranges from 95 mammal species, which includes the rare tree climbing lions species, 3000 elephants, over 10000 buffaloes, leopards, 5000hippos, bush backs, a wide range of antelope family, a variety of monkey species and chimpanzees, 400 bird species and many reptiles like the Nile crocodiles snakes and lizards and a number of volcanic features like volcanic cones and crater lakes like lake Katwe and Kikorongo. Read More Here…
Birds in Queen Elizabeth Park: Besides rewarding game viewing, the open savannah of Kasenyi offers impressive birding encounters for birders on birding safaris and tours in Uganda. Bird species that can be encountered in Kasenyi include; Palm-nut Vulture, Hooded Vulture, African White-backed Vulture, Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture, Lappet-faced Vulture, Brown Snake Eagle, Wahlberg’s Eagle, Bateleur, Long-created Eagle, Grey Kestre. Read More Here
Chimpanzee in Queen Elizabeth Park: These are close relatives of humans alongside gorillas and orangutans, there are two species of chimpanzees, Common chimpanzee species and the Bonobo species, Queen Elizabeth National Park has the Common chimpanzees’ species. An adult Common chimpanzee can weigh between 40-60 kg with a height of 1.6 meters or 5ft3inches while an adult female can weigh between 32-47kg with a height of 1.3 meters or 4feet3inches. Read More Here
Primates in Queen Elizabeth Park: These monkeys have a black color with a strip of white color on the side of their body, limbs and around their face, these monkeys live in groups of 5-15 members led by a male, their weight ranges between 4-14 kg, they have a body length of up to 75 cm or 30 inches. The black and white colobus are herbivores primates and they have a gestation period of 4-6 months. Read More Here
Volcanic features in Queen Elizabeth Park: Queen Elizabeth National Park has a number of volcanic features that have been left behind to remind us of the brutal geographical forces that shaped this land scape to what we see it today. The volcanic features in this park include volcanic cones which stand prominently throughout this vast plains, beautiful crater lakes, many of which have fresh water which attracts. Read More Here
Cultures in Queen Elizabeth Park: Queen Elizabeth National Park is bordered by the Bakonzo people who have an interesting culture to exhibit. According to population census results of 2014 census, there are 850,646 Bakonzo in Uganda hence representing 0.025% of the country’s population. The Bakonzo people are closely related to the Nande people of eastern D.R. Congo in their ways of living. Read More Here
Queen Elizabeth National Park offers a variety of activities to anyone who pays homage to it but for any of these activities to be carried out by a tourist in queen Elizabeth National Park, a park entry fee has to be paid first at the park offices and these fees are 40$ foreign nonresidents adults while children 20$, 30$ foreign residents adults while children 10$, 20000ugx east African citizens adults while children 5000ugx, 5000 local university students and high school students and 3000ugx for local primary pupils. Read More Here..
Nature walks in Queen Elizabeth: These can be done on Mweya pensisula and this offers chance to the tourist to view various wild game species and also birds. Nature walks are carried out along Ishahsa river presenting an opportunity to anyone involved to get up close with the water giants the hippos while remaining in the perfect safety of the water platform. These walks cost 30$ for foreign nonresidents. Read More Here…
Cultural visits in Queen Elizabeth: These can be carried out at leopard village and Kikorongo women community center, Nyanz’ibiri cave community, Agro-tour walk and Katwe Tourism Information Center. These visits offer a tourist with chance to be entertained or even take part in the cultural dances and drama from the Bakonzo people and this will leave you totally refreshed. Read More Here..
Birding in Queen Elizabeth Park: Besides rewarding game viewing, the open savannah of Kasenyi offers impressive birding encounters for birders on birding safaris and tours in Uganda. Bird species that can be encountered in Kasenyi include; Palm-nut Vulture, Hooded Vulture, African White-backed Vulture, Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture, Lappet-faced Vulture, Brown Snake Eagle, Wahlberg’s Eagle, Bateleur, Long-created Eagle, Grey Kestrel. Read More Here..
Game drives in Queen Elizabeth Park: These can be done in Ishasha in order to catch a glimpse of the tree climbing lions, in Kasenyi and north Kazinga plains for an assured sighting of cape buffaloes, African elephants and the antelopes. For tourists who are enthusiastic about sighting the big cats, night game drives are advisable as most of these cats are nocturnal animals. Read More Here..
Launch trips at Kazinga Channel: These are boat cruises that are operated on the Kazinga channel. These trips assure tourists with sighting of Hippos and Crocodiles and also many of the water bird species and game that has come to have a drink at the shores of this channel. The launch trip takes place in the morning at 10:00hrs and in the afternoon at 14:00hrs at a cost of 30$.. Read More Here
Chimpanzee tracking in Queen Elizabeth: This occurs at the Kyambura gorge in Maramagambo forest which has thick vegetation growth and plays host to the close relatives of humans, the chimpanzees with a 99% DNA match to humans. If you are in for this kind of adventure experience, you should brace for a 2-3 hours walk under the thick canopy of the gorge’s forest. Read More Here..
Queen Elizabeth National Park Wildlife Safari in Uganda 3 days; Our 3 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari in Queen Elizabeth National park is an amazing short Uganda tour of Queen Elizabeth Park that offers you a site of the big 5 wild game during game drives, birding & people culture. Read More
Murchison Falls & Kibale Short Uganda safari- 5 days; The 5 Days Uganda short Safari with Primates Trekking in Queen Elizabeth National Park & Chimpanzee tracking in Kibale Forest National Park. Read More
6 days gorilla tracking and wildlife safari in Uganda; The 6 Days Gorilla tracking and Wildlife Safari in Uganda features two main activities namely; wildlife viewing and the gorilla trekking. The Queen Elizabeth National Park to the south west of Uganda features great deal of wildlife including elephants, the Buffaloes. Read More
7 Days Culture Safari in Uganda with Gorilla trekking; The 7 Days Culture Safari in Uganda with Gorilla trekking commences in Kampala and can end in Kigali or Kampala depending on the traveler’s preference. The 7 days of Culture feature a blend of wildlife and gorillas. The safari involves a game walking safari in Lake Mburo National Park. Read More